Jul 4, 2022
UN Ocean Conference 2022: 198 countries adopt the Lisbon Declaration
The 2022 UN Ocean Conference (UNOC) concluded on Friday July 1, 2022 in Lisbon, when the 198 members of the United Nations unanimously adopted the Lisbon Declaration on ocean conservation, a new political declaration to save our ocean.

Along with the emphasis on the importance of implementing the Paris Agreement of 2015 and the last November’s Glasgow Climate Pact, some of the main points of the declaration include:

- Support to the decision to convene an intergovernmental negotiating committee to develop an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment, which could include both binding and voluntary approaches, based on a comprehensive approach that addresses the full lifecycle of plastic.

- Recognition of the importance of the work being undertaken by the intergovernmental conference on an international legally binding instrument under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction

- Focus on the importance of adopting science-based and innovative actions and international cooperation and partnerships based in science, technology and innovation to contribute to the solutions necessary to overcome challenges in achieving Goal 14.

- Reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international maritime transportation, especially shipping.

Furthermore, the signatories committed to strengthen observation and data collection efforts, to establish effective partnerships and to explore, develop and promote innovative financing solutions to drive the transformation to sustainable ocean-based economies, and the scaling up of nature-based solutions.

The dissemination of scientific data and information will also ensure that people, especially children and youth, are empowered with relevant knowledge and skills that enable them to understand the importance of and the need to contribute to the health of the ocean, including in decision-making, through promoting and supporting quality education and life-long learning for ocean literacy.

During the conference, more than 150 Member States made voluntary commitments to conserve or protect at least 30 percent of the global ocean within Marine Protected Areas, and other effective area-based conservation measures, by 2030.

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